The UKRI Centre for Doctoral Training in Safe and Trusted Artificial Intellligence has approximately 12 fully funded doctoral studentships available for September 2021. There are several admissions deadlines in several rounds, until all places have all been filled. Application deadlines for each round are indicated under our Application Timeline. The next application deadline is 13 June 2021.
Committed to providing an inclusive environment in which diverse students can thrive, we particularly encourage applications from women, disabled and Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) candidates, who are currently under-represented in the sector.
How to apply
What are we offering? Find out about Fees and Funding.
Check Entry Requirements.
Select from available projects for September 2021 entry.
- You should identify three preferred projects.
- Alternatively, it is possible for you to propose your own project, relevant to the area of model-based safe and trusted artificial intelligence as described on these pages.
Write your research proposal
You should write a 3 – 4 page Research Statement on the project you have listed as your first choice, which will be evaluated as part of the application process. This should incorporate the following (irrespective of whether you are proposing your own project, or applying for an existing proposal):
- your initial ideas on the particular challenges you would be interested in addressing within the project in the context of Safe and Trusted Artificial Intelligence,
- a brief review of the relevant state of the art, identifying any limitations or open questions, and
- your initial ideas on what research you might carry out towards addressing these challenges, referring to existing research literature where appropriate.
If you have listed your own project proposal as your first choice, then you should make clear its relevance to the theme of Safe and Trusted Artificial Intelligence.
Prepare to submit a PhD application to the relevant institution/s:
- If your preferred projects are all from King’s College London, carefully follow the instructions on how to apply to King’s College London.
- If your preferred projects are all from Imperial College London, carefully follow the instructions on how to apply to Imperial College London.
- If your preferred projects include projects both from King’s College and Imperial College, you should submit two applications, one to each institution. Carefully follow the instructions on how to apply to King’s College London AND instructions on how to apply to Imperial College London.
*If you are proposing your own project then we encourage you to submit applications to both institutions, since this will allow greater flexibility in identifying potential supervisors.
**You may contact a prospective PhD supervisor to informally discuss your ideas before submitting an application, but you should bear in mind that funding decisions will only be made after the applications have been received and processed by both King’s College London and Imperial College London, and by the Centre’s admissions team.
Prepare documentation for your application to Kings and/or Imperial.
You should pay very careful attention to all the details given in the links under Step 5, and the instructions on the King’s and Imperial online application forms. As preliminary indication, whichever institution(s) you are applying to, you will need:
• Your research proposal (which must be submitted with your application).
• Supporting documentation, like transcripts of previous qualifications, academic reference(s), and proof of English language qualifications if English is not your first language.
Note that you also need to complete a Centre Application Information Form 2021/22
Don’t forget this, failure to complete this form may result in your application not being considered.
We look forward to receiving your application.
It is not necessary that an applicant has completed their current course of study before applying. If an applicant has not completed their current course of study, any offer may be conditional on the eventual degree classification.
Applicants must have a good command of English and be able to apply it in an academic environment. Therefore, those who have not been educated in English will usually be required to provide certificated proof of competence in English language before starting their studies. Applicants should have an IELTS Score of 6.5 overall with a minimum of 6.0 in each skill, or a TOEFL iBT score of 92 overall with a minimum of 23 in writing and 20 in each of the other skills. Equivalent language qualifications may also be considered, see Band D of the King’s College London English Language Requirements, and Accepted English Qualifications in the Imperial College London English Language Requirements.
Fees and funding
The Centre will fund up to 15 studentships each year, depending on the support available. Each studentship will be funded for 4 years. Funding includes tuition fees, stipend and a Research Training Support Grant (RTSG).
- Stipend: Students will receive a tax-free stipend of circa £17,000 per year.
- RTSG: A generous allowance will be provided for research consumables and additional training, and for attending UK and international conferences.
Who can apply?
Any prospective doctoral student wishing to study at the Centre, including prospective international students, can apply for a UKRI studentship. All UKRI-funded doctoral students will be eligible for the full award – both the stipend to support living costs, and fees at the UK research organisation rate. However, UKRI international studentships are limited to 30 percent of the total cohort and places will be competitive.
This is a change in UKRI criteria and will come into force for the start of the 2021 academic year.
For further guidance on fee status, visit the:
- Advice & Guidance webpages if making an application to King’s, and
- Visas and Immigration webpages if making an application to Imperial.
The information here is intended to summarise UKRI guidance on eligibility and has been updated in line with recent UKRI announcements.
Home students will be eligible for a full UKRI award, including fees and stipend, if they satisfy UKRI criteria, including residency requirements. To be classed as a Home student, candidates must meet the following criteria:
- be a UK National (meeting residency requirements), or
- have settled status, or
- have pre-settled status (meeting residency requirements), or
- have indefinite leave to remain or enter.
If a candidate does not meet the criteria above, they will be classed as an International student.
Following the written statement by The Minister of State for Universities, EU, other EEA and Swiss nationals will no longer be eligible for home fee status from the academic year starting in August 2021. It will not affect EU, other EEA and Swiss nationals benefiting from Citizens’ Rights under the EU Withdrawal Agreement, EEA EFTA Separation Agreement or Swiss Citizens’ Rights Agreement respectively. It will also not apply to Irish nationals living in the UK and Ireland whose right to study and to access benefits and services will be preserved under the Common Travel Area arrangement.
Students living within the EU who do not meet eligibility requirements for Home Fee status will need to submit applications as international students.
International students will be eligible for full UKRI-funded studentships, including fees (at the home level) and stipend, from the start of the 2021/22 academic year. Studentships for international students will be limited in number and competitive, and we encourage strong international candidates to apply.
It is possible to apply to the Centre to study on a part-time basis and we welcome applications from people who are unable to study full-time due to managing, for example, caring responsibilities, a disability or chronic illness. Because of the nature of the Centre and its training programme, the demands on part-time students are somewhat different to those made of part-time students on a standard PhD programme. All part-time students enrolled in the Centre are required to:
- Be physically present in the department during normal working hours for at least two days a week.
- Attend all compulsory elements of the Centre, including all training activities and all cohort building activities. This may sometimes necessitate full-time attendance over a period (for example, full-time attendance at the Centre Summer School will be expected over a 3 – 4 day period), and such activities may fall outside a student’s typical part-time hours. (Note that the Centre has a Carers’ Fund, which students may apply to in order to cover caring costs incurred by attendance of Centre activities that fall outside of normal hours.)
Part-time students will be supported by a pro-rata studentship in line with their mode of registration (assuming eligibility for a studentship as per UKRI Terms and Conditions).
If you are interested in the possibility of part-time study within the Centre please send an email to email@example.com in advance of the application deadline in order to discuss this. The Centre is unable to consider part-time applications from applicants who do not do this.
Students in full-time employment
We also welcome applications from students (Home/EU/International) who have secured their own funding or are in receipt of alternative scholarships.
If you are a self-funded student and wish to study within the Centre please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org in advance of the application deadline in order to discuss this.
Applications for September 2021 entry opened in October 2020. We will be considering applications in several rounds, until all places have all been filled.
* Please note that later application rounds will only be held if there are still Centre places remaining for September 2021 entry. Once all places have been filled, applications for September 2021 entry will close.
Please check that you complete the following steps correctly:
1. Submit a PhD application to the relevant institution/s
- If your preferred projects are all from King’s College London:
follow the instructions to make an application to King’s College London.
- If your preferred projects are all from Imperial College London:
follow the instructions to make an application to Imperial College London.
- If your preferred projects include projects from both King’s College London and Imperial College London:
make one application to King’s College London and one application to Imperial College London.
2. Complete a Centre Application Information Form
What happens next
Once you submit your complete Centre application it will be considered by the Centre selection committee. If you meet the eligibility requirements, your application will be discussed in next selection panel and you may be contacted by some supervisors of your preferred projects to conduct interviews.
Any questions relating to the Centre should be sent to email@example.com. Note that this email address is not monitored outside of working hours, so any questions relating to an application should be sent well in advance of the application deadline.
Frequently Asked Questions - Eligibility/Background
What are the minimal computing skills you ask for? Is a programming intensive background a must?
Our students come from a variety of backgrounds including, but not limited to, computer science. Programming skills are not a pre-requisite, but candidates must demonstrate sufficient technical skills and knowledge to cope with the programme. We consider each case individually, and award places on merit.
What is considered a related discipline?
A relevant scientific or technical discipline could be computer science, mathematics or physics.
Do I need to have a strong AI background?
No, this is a training programme and we do not expect applicants to already have publications. Many of our successful applicants have not published a paper before applying to the programme. Of course, applicants who have already published, should mention this in their application.
Can International students apply for the grant?
We can support a small number of international students with a full studentship (including a stipend, tuition fees and a generous allowance for research related expenses). International students may constitute up to 30% of our cohort and so these funded studentships are competitive. See more information in the Fees and Funding section above.
What are the new funding rules for candidates from the EU?
Please see the Fees and Funding section above for information about funding for EU candidates. We also advise applicants to contact Postgraduate Admissions at King’s and Postgraduate Application Enquiries at Imperial for more detailed questions about eligibility for funding.
I am returning to education. Are you open to applications from people in my situation?
Yes. Applications from individuals with non-standard backgrounds (for example, those from industry or returning from a career break) are actively encouraged.
What does the Centre do to support equality, diversity and inclusion?
The Centre is committed to providing an inclusive environment in which diverse students can thrive. Diversity is crucial for enabling world leading research, impact and teaching, and an inclusive environment allows people to contribute their best. The Centre has identified five key Equality Diversity and Inclusion Objectives to focus our work in this area which you can read about on our Programme information pages. We are keen to receive applications from women, disabled, and Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) candidates, who are currently under-represented in the sector.
What support is provided for students who are parents or carers?
The Centre welcomes applications from parents and carers.
We are committed to ensuring an inclusive interview process. In addition to the travel reimbursement available to all applicants, we are pleased to reimburse caring costs for a dependent child or adult should these be incurred as a result of attending interview.
Once students join the Centre, we have in place, as standard, funds to support care costs incurred from attending activities outside of normal working hours. We encourage parents and carers who are considering applying to email to discuss your individual needs and how the Centre might support you if your application is successful (for example, with flexible working arrangements, or part-time study).
There is also institutional support for students who are carers at King’s and at Imperial, and the terms of the UKRI grant makes provision for maternity, paternity, adoption and shared parental leave.
How many current students also work elsewhere, and how do they balance the PhD with this?
There are lots of opportunities for work available within Imperial and King’s. For example, many of our students enjoy paid work as Teaching Assistants (TAs). Please note that UKRI recommend that funded doctoral students undertake no more than six hours paid work per week, and it is always important for students to discuss any other activities of this kind with their supervisors in the first instance.
Can I study part time?
It is possible to apply to the Centre to study on a part-time basis and we welcome applications from people who are unable to study full-time due to managing, for example, caring responsibilities, a disability, or chronic illness. Because of the nature of the Centre and its training programme, the demands on part-time students are somewhat different to those made of part-time students on a standard PhD programme. Please see further information in the Fees and Funding section.
Is part-time funding pro-rated from a full-time studentship funding?
Yes, see further information in the Fees and Funding section above.
Frequently Asked Questions - Application
See also How to Apply
What would make my application stand out? What do you particularly want me to mention? How detailed should the proposal be?
Your research proposal is your opportunity to show your interest and ideas about the selected research project. You should demonstrate a good level of understanding about the project area. Use the research proposal as an opportunity to show your ideas, skills and motivation. You will find guidance about writing your proposal in the sections on How to make an application to Kings and How to make an application to Imperial.
Can I apply for a studentship before contacting a potential supervisor?
It can be helpful to contact a prospective PhD supervisor to informally discuss your ideas before submitting an application but it is not mandatory to do so. See also How to apply.
I would like to suggest my own research proposal. Is this possible?
Yes. Here are a few tips if submitting your own proposal:
- We encourage you to make applications to both institutions, since this will allow greater flexibility in identifying potential supervisors.
- If you have already identified a potential supervisor, you may want to make contact and discuss the idea before submitting your proposal. (See the information about academics at the Department of Informatics at King’s and at the Department of Computing at Imperial for details about potential supervisors.)
- In your research Proposal you must make clear the relevance of your project to the theme of Safe and Trusted Artificial Intelligence
Do you require academic references?
We require two references. These may be academic referees or relevant employer referees from research institutions/companies. Note that academic referees must have university email addresses and employer referees should have the official email address of the company (gmail, hotmail etc addresses are not acceptable). If you already have two academic references, you can scan and upload these to the online application instead of providing contact details (note that the references must be signed and on headed paper).
Please remember that it is your responsibility to ensure we have received the references by application deadline; ensure to start your application before the deadline and contact your referees to let them know we will be requesting a reference from them.
UKRI CDT in Safe and Trusted AI is a collaboration between King’s and Imperial. Which institution will award my degree?
A student’s PhD registration will be made at the institution that employs their lead supervisor. Therefore, if a student’s lead supervisor is based at King’s, the student will be registered as a King’s student and their final PhD award will be from King’s. If a student’s lead supervisor is based at Imperial, the student will be registered as an Imperial student and the final PhD award will be from Imperial.
Is it possible to start my PhD programme in the Spring?
As the Centre provides an integrated training programme with activities that follow the academic year, we only accept entrants in September of each year.
Frequently Asked Questions - Studentship Interviews
Where and when will interviews take place?
You can follow our expected timelines for recruitment activity by viewing our Application Timeline. Following submission of an application, shortlisted candidates will be invited to attend an interview, at either King’s College London or Imperial College London, (or virtually) with the supervisors of the project for which you have made an application (or with the supervisor identified as being a good fit for your proposed project) and a supporting panel of fellow academics. The supervisors will find a date and time that is mutually convenient with you for an interview to take place.
What can I expect from the interview?
Interviews typically take up to one hour and you will be asked questions so that the academics can find out more about you, your research interest and your skill set. It is likely that you will be asked questions around the following areas:
- your academic background and other relevant experience to the PhD project;
- your suitability in relation to the Centre’s research aims;
- your suitability in relation to the Centre model, which adopts a cohort-based approach and an integrated training programme;
- your technical aptitude for the Centre (and this may involve reading scientific papers and solving problems);
- your specific research interests;
- your motivations for doing a PhD; and
- your prior knowledge of AI and related areas.
Supervisors may ask you to carry out a specific form of assessment such as (but not limited to) reviewing a paper, preparing a presentation, or completing a technical test. A supervisor may also ask you to prepare something specific to their own research agenda (particularly if being interviewed by a supervisor whose project is the second or third choice in your application).
Following an initial interview, further interviews may be arranged as a follow-up if required by the project supervisors or by the Centre Directors.
You will also be given the opportunity to ask questions about the Centre training programme and any other element of the PhD project or institution at which you (and your PhD project) will be hosted.
What should I wear to an interview?
We want you to be comfortable in your interview so feel free to dress as you wish. It is unlikely that the academics leading the interview will be wearing formal office wear so don’t feel pressured to do so. We want you to feel relaxed so you can perform at your best.
Does the Centre financially reimburse candidates for attending an interview?
Yes. To discuss the process for reimbursement, please contact the Centre Manager via firstname.lastname@example.org once you have been invited to interview for a studentship.
Frequently Asked Questions - Post-Interviews
When will I find out about the outcome of my application?
Please have a look at the Application Timeline for the date by which you will be informed via email about the outcome of your application in the particular round in which you applied. We may occasionally need to defer decisions about your application, in which case you will be contacted by email and notified of the delay by the original deadline as detailed in the Application Timeline.
Note that we are unable to offer individual feedback on written applications, but candidates who are interviewed can request feedback from their interview by contacting email@example.com; it is at the panel’s discretion to provide feedback to candidates.
I have been offered a studentship, what happens next?
If you are offered a place, you will first receive an offer of funding from the Centre Office, and you will need to accept this via email by a specific deadline detailed in the email. Following acceptance of the studentship funding, the King’s Apply Portal or Imperial Application Portal will be updated, and you will receive an offer letter from the relevant institution’s Admissions Team. The offer you receive will be an offer of a place on this specific programme. It is important for candidates to accept the offer made via the institution’s admissions portal.
You must therefore accept:
- the offer of funding from the Centre Office; and
- the offer of a place from King’s College London or Imperial College London via the Admissions Team of the institution at which you will be registered for your PhD.
Can I keep in touch before joining the Centre?
The Centre Office will send regular communications when you accept a studentship with us through to when you join us at our Induction in late September/early October. The Centre Manager will send paperwork over the summer months to you to complete before joining the Centre, and King’s or Imperial (depending on the institution at which you are accepted) will send you enrolment information from August. It is recommended that you keep in touch your supervisor and the Centre Office (firstname.lastname@example.org) and send along any queries you have after accepting a place on the programme.
When is Induction?
We will confirm the date of our Centre Induction event in mid to late August (and this is distinct from, and additional to, any induction from the host department and/or institution). It is most likely to take place in the first week of October, and you will meet the Centre Team, Centre Directors, and some of our current students.
- Adaptive cyber-physical systems rely on the composition and coordinated interaction of different decision-making procedures, each typically realized with specific AI methods. Cyber components capabilities and semantics are...
- In Reinforcement Learning (RL) autonomous agents have typically to choose their actions in order to maximise some notion of cumulative reward . Tools and techniques for RL have been applied successfully to domain as...
- Agent-based models (ABMs) are powerful methods to describe the spread of epidemics. An ABM treats each susceptible individual as an agent in a simulated world. The simulation algorithm of the model tracks the health status...
- This project aims to contribute to the development of safe and trusted, artificially intelligent transportation in healthcare. The London Ambulance Service (LAS) operates more than 1100 ambulances to respond to medical...
- Cooperative Multi-Agent Planning (MAP) is a topic in symbolic artificial intelligence (AI). In a cooperative MAP system, multiple agents collaborate to achieve a common goal. A cooperative MAP solver produces...
- The effective development and deployment of single-robot systems is known to be increasingly problematic in a variety of application domains including search and rescue, remote exploration, de-mining, etc. These and other...
- State-of-the-art present perception systems, including those based on Lidar or cameras, are increasingly being used in a range of critical applications including security and autonomous vehicles. While the present deep...
A normative multi-agent framework to ensure resilience of autonomous vehicles’ AI algorithms against adversarial machine learning attacks.An increasing number of depth sensors and surrounding-aware cameras are being installed in the new generation of cars. For example, Tesla Motors uses a forward radar, a front-facing camera, and multiple ultrasonic sensors...
- Recent advances in deep reinforcement learning (DRL) have allowed computer programs to beat humans at complex games like Chess or Go years before the original projections. However, the SOTA in DRL misses out on some of the...
- In autonomous and multi-agent systems players are normally assumed rational and cooperating or competing in groups to achieve their overall objectives. Useful methods to study the resulting interactions come from game...
- Considerable work has been carried out in the past two decades on Verification of Multi-Agent Systems. Various methods based on binary-decision diagrams, bounded model checking, abstraction, symmetry reduction have been...
- Machine learning (ML) techniques such as Support Vector Machines, Random Forests and Neural Networks are being applied with great success to a wide range of complex and sometimes safety-critical tasks. Recent research in...
- AI is continuing to make progress in many settings, fuelled by data availability and computational power, but it is widely acknowledged that it cannot fully benefit society without addressing its widespread inability to...
- Incorporation decision making, for example combining preferences and prospection Concrete applications can be autonomous vehicles, health care or smart contracts. Prospective reasoning allows hypothetical what-if scenarios...
- Learning and decision-making AI components are gaining popularity as enablers of modern adaptive software. Common uses include, for example, the classification or regression of incoming data (e.g., face recognition), the...
- When using complex algorithms to make decisions within autonomous systems, the weak link is the abstract model used by the algorithms: any errors in the model may lead to unanticipated behaviour potentially risking...
- This project will develop the first norm monitor capable of checking compliance with dynamic and adaptable norms on the basis of incomplete and uncertain observations. Most of existing proposals on norm compliance...
- This project aims to investigate, design and develop new model-driven methods for AI-based network intrusion detection systems. The emphasis is on designing an AI model that is able to verify and explain its safety...
- “The extraction of (symbolic) rules which describe the operation of (deep) neural networks which have been trained to perform a certain task is central to explaining their inner workings in order to judge their...
- DNA sequencing is becoming ever more important for medical applications, be it for predictive medicine or precision/personalised medicine. At the same time, DNA sequencing is starting to use AI to map signals (from the...
- The field of explainable AI (XAI) is a particularly active area of research at the moment whose goal is to provide transparency to the decisions of traditionally more opaque machine learning techniques. Being able to assess...
- Generating hypotheses is a fundamental step in the scientific method, but also increasingly challenging due to the ever-growing observational data from which hypotheses are derived. Papers are published at an unmanageable...
Human-in-the-Loop Debugging Deep Models for Image Classification via Argumentation-based ExplanationsDeep learning has become the dominant approach to address most image processing tasks. However, deep learning models are mostly black boxes whose outputs are difficult to understand and verify. Recent work proposes Deep...
- Autonomous systems such as robots may become another appliance found in our homes and workplaces. In order to have such systems helping humans to perform their tasks, they must be as autonomous as possible, to prevent...
- Robots are progressing out from research laboratories into human environments, motivated by addressing the societal challenges such as aging, loneliness, education and many more. All of such applications requires that...
- Service robots are expected to interact with users in a number of scenarios, from homes to offices and hospitals. Research in service robotics is constantly progressing towards generally more competent autonomous robots,...
- Ontologies have become fundamental AI artifacts in providing knowledge to intelligent systems. The concepts and relationships formalised in these ontologies are frequently used to semantically annotate data, helping...
- The problem of ethical decision making presents a grand challenge for modern AI research. Arguably, the main obstacle to automating ethical decisions is the lack of a formal specification of ground-truth ethical principles,...
- Robotics applications involve programming concurrent componentssynchronising through messages while simultaneously executing motionactions that control the state of the physical world. Today, theseapplications are...
- Explanations can help all the stakeholders of AI systems and Cybersystems to make better choices. In particular, they can help human users to understand and trust the choices of autonomous systems or to interact in a safe...
- Deep learning has recently brought various AI breakthroughs in areas like computer vision, speech recognition, and language models. Thanks to these, digital photography is now at our fingertips, we can ask anything to home...
- Machine learning (ML) approaches such as encoder-decoder networks and LSTM have been successfully used for numerous tasks involving translation or prediction of information (Otter et al, 2020). However, the knowledge...
- AI Planning is concerned with producing plans that are guaranteed to achieve a robot’s goals, assuming the pre-specified assumptions about the environment in which it operates hold. However, no matter how detailed these...
- Recent times have witnessed a flurry of advancements in ML, enabling their widespread application in domains such healthcare, security and autonomous vehicles. However, this deployment has also come at cost, resulting in...
- The growing societal impact of AI-based systems has brought with it a set of risks and concerns [1, 2].Indeed, unintended and harmful behaviours may emerge from the application of machine learning (ML) algorithms, including...
- The growing societal impact of AI-based systems has brought with it a set of risks and concerns [1, 2].Indeed, unintended and harmful behaviours may emerge from the application of machine learning (ML) algorithms, including...
Neuro-Symbolic Policy Learning and Representation for Interpretable and Formally-Verifiable Reinforcement LearningThe growing societal impact of AI-based systems has brought with it a set of risks and concerns [1, 2].Indeed, unintended and harmful behaviours may emerge from the application of machine learning (ML) algorithms, including...